Religion Past and Present

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[German Version]

I. Early Church – II. Middle Ages and Reformation – III. Modern Period and Today – IV. Chronological List of the Popes

I. Early Church

1. Definition.

If papacy is defined as the claim (based on Matt 16:16–19; 28:20; Luke 22:31f.; John 21:15–19) of the bishops of Rome as successors and heirs to Peter to leadership along with jurisdictional and magisterial primacy (I) within the universal church, papacy…

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Brennecke, Hanns Christof, Zimmermann, Harald, Mörschel, Tobias, Wassilowsky, Günther and Köpf, Ulrich, “Papacy”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 25 June 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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