Religion Past and Present

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(1,237 words)

[German Version]

I. Catholicism – II. Orthodoxy – III. Protestantism

The term parish comes from the Greek παροικία/paroikía (“resident alien’s dwelling”), which in early Christianity expressed the foreignness of Christians in society. Resulting from this basic feeling, individual congregations were called παροικίαι/paroikíai from the 2nd century. Until Late Antiquity, paroikía remained a technical term for a bishop’s congregation. Only after the rise of pastoral subcenters in large towns…

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Pree, Helmuth, Oswalt, Julia and Hübner, Hans-Peter, “Parish”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 06 July 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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