Religion Past and Present

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(273 words)

[German Version]

The Parthenon is the temple of AthenaParthenos on the acropolis in Athens. It was built between 447 and 432 bce on the foundations of an earlier building destroyed by the Persians in 480. The rebuilding was supervised by Phidias, who also created the cultic statue of Athena Parthenos placed inside the temple (taken to Constantinople in 426 ce). The center or cella of the Doric temple consisted of two rooms: one served as the treasury of the Delian League, the other held the statue of Athena. The peripheral columns of the temple (eight under…

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Wißmann, Hans, “Parthenon”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 25 July 2024 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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