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Patriarch/Patriarchate
(2,399 words)

[German Version]

I. Early Church

The title patriarch appears to have been first used by early Judaism (I), with reference to the both the ancestral biblical figures (4. Macc. 7.19; 16.25; T. 12 Patr.; Ber. 16b) and the religious leaders of the Romans’ Jewish subjects (Heb. nasi ), throughout the history of that central religious office. The first such patriarch was probably Judah ha-Nasi, during the Severan dynasty (193–235); Cod. Theod. XVI 8.29 (May 30, 429) records the excessus (“termination”…

Cite this page
Ritter, Adolf Martin, Riedel-Spangenberger, Ilona and Felmy, Karl Christian, “Patriarch/Patriarchate”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 14 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_COM_024303>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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