Religion Past and Present

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[German Version]

The pentagram or five-pointed star drawn with a single line is an esoteric and magical symbol with a broad spectrum of meanings in astral symbolism and the symbolism of crosses and knots, as well as the symbolism of the number five itself. The earliest examples are petroglyphs from the Alpine region and on potsherds found in Palestine (c. 4000 bce). In Sumer (Mesopotamia), the pentagram was in use as a cosmic symbol from roughly 2700 bce. Beginning c. 2000 bce, the pentagram is found on and in Egyptian tombs and also as a pendant, although its significance i…

Cite this page
Iwersen, Julia, “Pentagram”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 19 August 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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