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Pentarchy
(342 words)

[German Version]

denotes a model of church polity that developed in the Early Church, in which the five patriarchates (Patriarch: I), in order of rank Rome, Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem, had constitutive significance for the leadership of the whole church. The developing patriarchal constitution was reflected in cc. 6 and 7 of the Council of Nicea (325), c. 3 of Constantinople (IV: 1; 381), and c. 28 of Chalcedon (451), but the pentarchical hierarchy of the five cathedrae is first recorded in imperial legislation in novels 109, 123.3, and 131 of Emperor Justinian I.…

Cite this page
Ohme, Heinz, “Pentarchy”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 23 January 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_124319>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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