Religion Past and Present

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[German Version]

(1,285,220 km2) lies in the very center of the Andes mountain range in western South America. Until the Spanish conquest it was also the home of the Inca Empire, which stretched from northern Ecuador to the middle of Chile. Of a total population of 27,012,899, some 45% are classified as Indians (Native American Indians), 37% as mestizos, and 15% as “white.” There is also a small black and Asian population. The word “Indian” is now less used as it has acquired a pejorative connotation; it has for the most part been replaced by campesino (“peasant”). The majority of An…

Cite this page
Klaiber, Jeffrey, “Peru”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 04 April 2020 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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