Religion Past and Present

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Peter (the Disciple)
(5,420 words)

[German Version]

I. New Testament

1. The historical figure.

Peter, originally called Simon, was born around the turn of the era in a Jewish household in Bethsaida, on the northern shore of the Sea of Galilee (John 1:44; Gal 2:14f.); his father’s name was John (John 1:42) or Jonah (Matt 26:17: Simon bar Jonah; the plural bar Yone [“brigands in the wilderness”] as a term for Zealots is not supported by Giṭ. 56ab and does not suggest that Peter had Zealot sympathies).

Peter lived in Capernaum with his wife, his mother-in-law, and his bro…

Cite this page
Lampe, Peter, Thümmel, Hans Georg and Hardt, Michael, “Peter (the Disciple)”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 07 July 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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