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Philoponus, John
(214 words)

[German Version]

(died after 575 in Alexandria), important Christian philosopher and exegete in Alexandria. A student of the Neoplatonic philosopher Ammonius Hermeiou, inter aliahe wrote commentaries on the writings of Aristotle and Porphyry of Gaza, and worked in the fields of grammar, mathematics, astronomy, and medicine. In his commentary on Aristotle’s Physica he developed the so-called theory of impetus, according to which, for example, someone throwing a stone transmits power to it directly. Theologically important are his polemics against Proclus’s defense of the et…

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Löhr, Winrich, “Philoponus, John”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 01 April 2020 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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