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(277 words)

[German Version]

(Gk “practical good sense”) was already important for the dramatists of antiquity, especially for Sophocles; in Plato’s dialogues it is one of the four cardinal virtues. The fact that, in Plato, phronesis can be replaced by sophía (cf. Rep. IV 10, 433b7–c2) shows that, unlike Aristotle at a later date, Plato has not yet distinguished between practical and theoretical capacity for thought. Aristotle gives the term phronesis the status of a philosophical term. Alongside the three other dianoetic virtues of skill (téchnē), science (epistḗmē), and philosophical wis…

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Rese, Friederike, “Phronesis”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 18 July 2024 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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