Religion Past and Present

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[German Version]

I. Religious Studies


The Greek Φύσις/Phýsis is an abstract personification and an effective divine power. It is not restricted to any particular area of responsibility, and has no cult of its own or special iconography, with two exceptions: the votive relief of Archelaus of Priene (so-called “Apotheosis of Homer,” c. 120–130 bce), and the mosaic of Merida (2nd cent. ce; natura is between heaven, the sea, the Euphrates, the Nile, Tellus etc.).


In pre-Socratic natural philosophy (see al…

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Hornauer, Holger and Köpf, Ulrich, “Physis/Natura”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 26 October 2020 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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