Religion Past and Present

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[German Version]

I. Philosophy

While studying in Athens, Plutarch was converted to Platonism by Ammonius. Later he maintained a philosophical school in his home town, where the students read Plato but were exposed to other philosophical schools as well, especially the Stoics and Epicureans (Epicureanism). Plutarch had good contacts with some renowned contemporary philosophers; like many others, he cultivated philosophy as the art of living a life focused on happiness (II).

In antiquity more than 260 works were ascribed to hi…

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Hülser, Karlheinz and Betz, Hans Dieter, “Plutarch”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 05 December 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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