Religion Past and Present

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Pope
(242 words)

[German Version]

Pope is the designation of the bishop of Rome as successor to Peter (the disciple), head of the (Roman) Catholic Church, and holder of a universal primacy of teaching and jurisdiction within the church (Papacy). In the Greek church, πάπας/pápas was originally a title or term of address for abbots and bishops; later it was reserved exclusively to patriarchs. There is inscriptional evidence from the second half of the 4th century for its use by the Roman bishops; in the Latin church, it has been reserved exclusively to t…

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Brennecke, Hanns Christof, “Pope”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 30 May 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_024356>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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