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(335 words)

[German Version]

(Poseidonius of Apameia; c. 135– 51 bce), the most important representative of Middle Stoicism (Stoics). As a student of Panaetius he lived in Athens, which he left after Panaetius’s death to form his own Stoic school on Rhodes. Poseidonius’s most famous student was Cicero. His work has survived only in fragments and quotations in the works of others. He appears to have been a polymath comparable only to Democritus and Aristotle. In the spirit of Stoicism, he had a universal vision of philosophy as a search for…

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Gander, Hans-Helmuth, “Poseidonius”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 23 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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