Religion Past and Present

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Potestas directa/indirecta/directiva
(444 words)

[German Version]

refers to modalities of the medieval and modern Catholic claim to ecclesial (and esp. papal) authority in temporal (worldly) matters (in temporalibus). Invoking older doctrinal tra-ditions, the medieval papacy in particular claimed papal supremacy over all secular powers (most strongly articulated in the Unam sanctam bull of Boniface VIII [1302], doctrine of the two swords), and thus not only the supreme legislative authority in spiritualibus et temporalibus but also a right to intervene directly in the legal order of states through the repeali…

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Link, Christoph, “Potestas directa/indirecta/directiva”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 15 May 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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