Religion Past and Present

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[German Version]

I. Church History

“Presbyterian” refers to English-speaking churches of the Calvinist tradition (Calvinism). The name derives from the form of government in which clergy and lay elders (Gk πρεσβύτερος/presbýteros; Presbyter) share authority in ruling bodies.

1. England

The Reformation in England (III, 1.d) included, during Henry VIII’s reign, a Calvinist party that came to be known as Puritans. Led by T. Cranmer, they increased under Edward VI. During Elizabeth I’s r…

Cite this page
Nutt, Rick, Fergusson, David and Cornick, David, “Presbyterians”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 01 December 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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