I. Church History
“Presbyterian” refers to English-speaking churches of the Calvinist tradition (Calvinism). The name derives from the form of government in which clergy and lay elders (Gk πρεσβύτερος/presbýteros; Presbyter) share authority in ruling bodies.
The Reformation in England (III, 1.d) included, during Henry VIII’s reign, a Calvinist party that came to be known as Puritans. Led by T. Cranmer, they increased under Edward VI. During Elizabet…