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Process, Canonical
(770 words)

[German Version]

From the very beginning, controversial legal cases in church affairs were decided by the bishop as judge. In the course of the Middle Ages, ecclesiastical process underwent a broad expansion. The learned judge and universal canon law assured its overwhelming acceptance. In addition to the regular adversarial process, there was an abbreviated summary court. From the beginning, ecclesiastical authority also passed judgment on purely ecclesiastical offenses. In the Middle Ages the ch…

Cite this page
May, Georg, “Process, Canonical”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 20 January 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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