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Quartodecimans
(349 words)

[German Version]

(or Quartadecimans). The term derives from Latin quarto- or quartadecimani, used by Tacitus in a military context; in the present context, however, it translates Greek τεσσαρεσκαιδεκατῖται/ tessareskaidekatítai (first used by Epiphanius of Salamis c. 375). It is an umbrella term for groups of Christians that celebrated Passover (Feasts and festivals: II; III) or Easter on Nisan 14, according the Jewish calculation of Passover. They are first mentioned by Apollinarius of Hierapolis (frgm. De Pascha) and Polycrates of Ephesus (cit. in Eus. Hist. eccl. V 24.2–8), …

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Kinzig, Wolfram, “Quartodecimans”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 19 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_024768>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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