Religion Past and Present

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(384 words)

[German Version]

(also Uṭaiyavar; traditional dates: 1017, Śrīperumputūr [Tamil Nadu] – 1137). In his commentary (Śrībhāṣya) on the Brahma Sutras, Rāmānuja systematized the philosophical teachings of his predecessors Nāthamuni (10th cent.) and Yāmuna (11th cent.), thereby establishing the Viṣṇu-oriented philosophical direction of the Viśiṣṭādvaita (“qualified non-duality” [monism]; Hinduism: II, 2), in which non-duality (advaita) is qualified in the sense that the world and the individual soul each receive their own weight. This school teaches devoted…

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Hüsken, Ute, “Rāmānuja”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 07 December 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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