Religion Past and Present

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[German Version]

I. Religious Studies

Religious studies has adopted the term redeemer from the biblical language of Christianity to represent Latin redemptor (Vulgate) and Greek ῥυόμενος/rhyómenos or λυτρωτής/lytrōtḗs (Job 19:25; Isa 63:16; Acts 7:35; Rom 11:26). Luther used Erlöser (“redeemer”) in these cases, but Heiland (“savior”) to represent Latin salvator and Greek σωτήρ/sōtḗr. The terms are synonymous in both German and English. The worldwide use of the term in non-Christian contexts has in…

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Rudolph, Kurt and Roloff, Jürgen, “Redeemer”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 12 August 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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