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Resh Galuta
(282 words)

[German Version]

The Aramaic title רֵישׁ גַלוּתָא, “head of the Diaspora” (Diaspora: II, 1; also called exilarch), and its Hebrew equivalent rosh ha-gola denoted the official representative of Babylonian Judaism. As in the case of the nasi, his rival, the office was dynastic and was associated with a claimed descent from David (III). In the Babylonian Diaspora, the resh galuta was considered the highest legal authority and the supreme authority for appointment to office. His competence was nevertheless challenged by competing claims, for example those o…

Cite this page
Jacobs, Martin, “Resh Galuta”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 17 September 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_024933>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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