Religion Past and Present

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(461 words)

[German Version]

(in religious studies). Religious roles represent a set of behavioral expectations developed by a religious community; they relate to the perception of particular religious functions, such as administration of the cult, proclamation of religious teaching, dissemination of the teaching, care for personal salvation or the salvation of others. Typical religious roles include those of priest (Priesthood), teacher, missionary, pastoral practitioner, monk (Monasticism), nun, guru, shaman (Shamanism), and magician (Magic). As socially constituted beha…

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Pollack, Detlef, “Roles”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 11 August 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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