Šaiḫ al-Azhar
(125 words)

[German Version]

The office of rector (šaiḫ) of al-Azhar university in Cairo (Madrasah) was established toward the end of the 17th century. As the structures of traditional religious scholarship dropped away in the 19th century (Clergy: III), the associated centralization at the Azhar (Teaching authority: III) made the office increasingly important as the primary authority of Egyptian Islam. Since a reform implemented in 1961, the office has played an increasing role (not without tension) in legitimat…

Cite this page
Lohlker, Rüdiger, “Šaiḫ al-Azhar”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 12 December 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_025149>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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