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Šaiḫ al-Islām
(171 words)

[German Version]

This title first came into use toward the end of the 10th century in northeastern Iran. In the Islamic world, it is given to outstanding scholars of Šarīʿa (ʿulamāʾ: Clergy and laity: III) like the Syrian mufti Ibn Taimīya (died 1328) or Sufi authorities (Islam: II, 5). In the course of time (and with regional variations), it was given to certain important government offices or functionaries of religious law. The most famous holder of the title was the grand mufti of the Ottoman Empire (Ottomans), with his r…

Cite this page
Krawietz, Birgit, “Šaiḫ al-Islām”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 05 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_025150>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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