Religion Past and Present

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(380 words)

[German Version]

Sāṃkhya, collective term for a complex doctrinal tradition of liberation (Redemption: X) within Hinduism (II, 2; Darśana), no longer fully recoverable historically; it employs rational techniques of expla-nation. It probably originated in the pre-Buddhist period; presystematic speculations are found in the Mahābhārata. Systematic Sāṃkhya is presented in the Sāṃkhya-Kārikā (c. 400 ce) and commentaries on it. The speculative era came to an end around the 7th century ce. After the 15th century, Sāṃkhya experienced a syncretistic revival by inte…

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Slaje, Walter, “Sāṃkhya”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 30 March 2020 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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