Religion Past and Present

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(2,676 words)

[German Version]

I. Old Testament

Sanctification, the “setting apart” of spaces, times, objects, and persons to make them sacred (cf. Lat. sacer) is represented in the Old Testament by the verb קדשׁ/qdš piel and niphal, its antonyms חלל/ḥll I piel and חל/ḥl, and the antithesis “clean–unclean” טהר–טמא/ṭhr–ṭmʾ (with reference to holiness: Lev 11:43ff.; 16:19; cf. Deut 14:3ff.; purity and impuraty). Since YHWH represents holiness per se (Isa 5:16, etc.), sanctification means translating the ob…

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Podella, Thomas, Schnelle, Udo and Marquardt, Manfred, “Sanctification”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 18 July 2024 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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