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Sanction, Church Law
(137 words)

[German Version]

A sanction is the legal detriment associated with failure to observe a requirement of church law. Roman law recognized leges plus quam perfectae (legal action voided, penalty), leges perfectae (legal action voided), leges minus quam perfectae (penalty but legal action valid), and leges imperfectae (not voided and no penalty). Criminal sanctions must be distinguished from non-criminal sanctions. The former are ecclesiastical penalties. In canon law, there is a range of possibilities, depending on the legal action in questio…

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Pree, Helmuth, “Sanction, Church Law”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 24 November 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_025206>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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