Religion Past and Present

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(1,166 words)

[German Version]

I. Law

In German law self-defense means any defensive action that is necessary to avert an imminent unlawful attack (German Criminal Code §32 para. 2). An action in self-defense is justified (not a crime) and therefore not subject to sanction (according to §32 para. 1 no culpability, according to German Civil Code §227, no liability for damages). In German law, the defense of a third party against attack is equivalent to self-defence.

The condition for self-defense is a situation that makes it necessary. This requires a th…

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Loos, Fritz and Kreß, Hartmut, “Self-defense”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 04 July 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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