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Self-sufficiency, Rational
(405 words)

[German Version]

In the ethics of ancient philosophy, self-sufficiency (Gk αὐτάρκεια/autárkeia, Lat. sufficientia sui) denotes the basic ethical stance through which individuals seek to attain the goal of their lives, true eudaimonia, by aspiring to happiness in the inward constitution of their soul (III, 3) independently of outward goods and the vicissitudes of fate; in this context, self-sufficiency resembles the virtue of prudence (Democritus). Xenophon sketches the figure of Socrates as the ideal of the …

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Huxel, Kirsten, “Self-sufficiency, Rational”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 02 August 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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