Religion Past and Present

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(3,591 words)

[German Version]

I. Terminology

The word socialism can denote a theoretical school of thought, a political movement (Parties), and a way of organizing the state and society. As a theoretical school, modern (as distinct from premodern) socialism emerged in the 19th century as a response to the unreasonable demands of dynamically expanding capitalistic control of the means of production (Capitalism). All conce…

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Altvater, Elmar, Ruddies, Hartmut and Dorn, Jacob H., “Socialism”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 17 January 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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