Religion Past and Present

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Socratic Method
(490 words)

[German Version]

The Socratic or erotematic method is a teaching method modeled on Socrates. It was used in the late 18th and early 19th centuries – i.e. the era of the Enlightenment and philanthropism – in all academic subjects, but particularly in religious education. M. Schian calls the Socratic method the “fashionable theory and practice of rationalism” and describes it as the “pedagogical and catechetical hobbyhorse of the Enlightenment” (Schian, 1). Alluding to his mother’s profession, Socra…

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Rupp, Horst F., “Socratic Method”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 14 October 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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