Religion Past and Present

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(582 words)

[German Version]

The term Spinozism denotes a system that onesidedly emphasizes certain elements of B. Spinoza’s philosophy, usually with polemical intent. Until the end of the 18th century, theologians used the term synonymously with atheism on the basis of Spinoza’s rejection of a Creator God in his Ethica and his attack on revealed religion in his Tractatus theologico-politicus. Spinoza’s expression Deus sive Natura, used only in passing, was understood as positing the simple identity of God and nature. His thesis that God acts solely out of the necessi…

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Bartuschat, Wolfgang, “Spinozism”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 08 April 2020 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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