Religion Past and Present

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Stavropigial Monasteries
(263 words)

[German Version]

The ecumenical Council of Chalcedon in 451 for the first time set out to “integrate” monasticism, placing it under the authority of the local bishop; the erection of monasteries was made subject to episcopal approval (c. 4). The external sign of a monastic foundation was the erection of a cross, the so-called stavropigia (from Gk σταυρὸν πηγνύναι/staurón pēgnýnai), mentioned in the civil ecclesiastical laws of Emperor Justinian I (Cod. Iust. I 3.26; Novella 5.1; 67.1; 131.7), which adopted this canonical legislation (Cod. Iust. I 3.39; Novella 133.4). The bishop h…

Cite this page
Ohme, Heinz, “Stavropigial Monasteries”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 16 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_025731>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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