The Stoic school takes its name from the Stoa Poikílē, the “Painted Porch,” in Athens, where the earliest public teaching began at the end of the 4th century bce. Founded by Zeno of Citium, the Stoa rapidly became the dominant influence on Hellenistic discussion and remained the most influential philosophical school until the end of antiquity (Philosophy: I; Hellenistic philosophy). The school’s tradition can be divided into three distinct historical phases.
1. Early Stoa.
Zeno came to Athens from Cit…