Religion Past and Present

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(319 words)

[German Version]

S. Freud’s psychoanalysis teaches that reality requires converting an unsatisfied sex drive (libido) into culturally valuable and socially approved modes of behavior (art, humor) as a compromise between the demands of the id and the superego developed in the process of socialization. This compromise is enabled by “defense mechanisms” (A. Freud), a series of behavioral strategies including such constructive forms as repression, substitution, conversion, and projection. A response t…

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Fraas, Hans-Jürgen, “Sublimation”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 02 June 2020 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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