Religion Past and Present

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(1,087 words)

[German Version]

I. Art

In 1886 the writer Jean Moréas published a Symbolist manifesto, the stated aim of which was not to express artistic ideas directly but to represent them by defamiliarization. This manifesto also profoundly influenced the visual arts at the turn of the 20th century, allowing painting and graphics to turn to the realm of dreams, the unconscious, and the imagination for significant content. Unlike naturalism (IV) and realism (IV), Symbolism sough…

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Mädler, Inken and Auerochs, Bernd, “Symbolism”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 05 July 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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