Religion Past and Present

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[German Version]

I. Antiquity


The Greek word συναγωγή/synagōgḗ (cf. LXX), like כְּנֶסֶת/kneset, orig. meant “assembly”; only later did it come to mean “place of assembly” (Heb. בֵּית הַכְּנֶסֶת/ bet ha-kneset). It is therefore uncertain, for example, whether Acts 6:9 refers to congregations of Hellenistic Jews or their synagogues. Other synonymous terms were also common: προσευχή/proseuchḗ (“prayer/place of prayers”) – found almost exclusively in the Greek Diaspora – and (ἅγιος) τόπος/(hágios) tópos or Aramaic א…

Cite this page
Reeg, Gottfried and Börner-Klein, Dagmar, “Synagogue”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 03 July 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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