Religion Past and Present

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(3,747 words)

[German Version]

I. History

As it developed in the Early Church and the Middle Ages, the term synod (from Gk σύνοδος/sýnodos, “assembly, being together on the way”) cannot be separated from the term council. Only in 19th- and 20th-century Protestantism is a separate treatment warranted; in that context – with roots going back to the 16th century – the synod represents a new constitutional phenomenon (Church polity: IV, 2; V, 1.c). Its antecedents inc…

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Hauschild, Wolf-Dieter, Brandt, Reinhard, Germann, Michael and Ohme, Heinz, “Synod”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 21 July 2024 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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