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Testimonium spiritus sancti internum
(332 words)

[German Version]

The doctrine of the testimonium was formulated by Calvin (Inst.I 7) and included in various Reformed articles of faith (I, 3; Confessio Gallicana 4). It means that the unimpugnable validity and authority of Scripture (Holy Scriptures) does not depend on the judgment of the church (in the form of an agreement or consensus) but on the testimony of the Spirit (Spirit/Holy Spirit). J.H. Alsted honored it as the foundation of all theology. It does not mean that the “self-evidence” of Scripture is joined by a second, subjective principle intended…

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Link, Christian, “Testimonium spiritus sancti internum”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 05 December 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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