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Testimony, Clergy’s Right to Withhold
(155 words)

[German Version]

To protect the confidentiality required for pastoral care, especially the seal of the confessional, the procedural codes of the German courts give clergy to be interrogated as witnesses the right to refuse to give evidence (§53, para. 1, no. 1 of the criminal procedural code, §383, para. 1, no. 4 of the civil procedural code). Given its purpose, this right extends only to pastoral activity, not administrative, educational, or charitable activity. In criminal cases, it is irrelevan…

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Greger, Reinhard, “Testimony, Clergy’s Right to Withhold”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 19 July 2024 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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