Religion Past and Present

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(150 words)

[German Version]

a society championing natural religion in revolutionary France. Among the founders of the society were Jean-Baptiste Chemin-Dupontès, who published a Manuel des Théoanthropophiles in 1796, and Valentin Haüy. The Theophilanthropists, who combined elements from the French, German, and English Enlightenment, believed in the existence of God and the immortality of the soul. They provided a ritualized religious framework for daily routine. Besides observing their own festivals, including spring, summer, fal…

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Wiggermann, Uta, “Theophilanthropists”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 18 May 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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