(Nov 4, 1740, Farnham, Surrey – Aug 12, 1778, London), Anglican priest and hymn-writer. Though occupying a number of pulpits in the Church of England, Toplady remained mostly in London where he preached and, as a staunch Calvinist, engaged in spirited controversy with the Arminian J. Wesley, among others. He is chiefly remembered as the author of the hymn “Rock of Ages” (c. 1775).
Works, ed. W. Row, 1794
On Toplady: T. Wright, The Life of Augustus M. Toplady, 1911
G. Lawton, Within the Rock of Ages, 1983
A. Pollard, Oxford DNB LV, 2004, 37–39.