Religion Past and Present

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(3,243 words)

[German Version]

I. Old Testament

The noun tôrāh (הרָוֹתּ) is usually derived from the verb הרי/yrh, “show,” hiphil “instruct.” In Israelite wisdom literature, it denotes ethical and religious instruction by parents (Prov 1:8; 4:1; 6:20; 31:26) or sages (Prov 13:14) as well as religious instruction by priests (Jer 18:18). As a term denoting the law (Law and legislation: II; LXX: νόμος/nómos), it stands at the end of an ongoing theologization of the law in ancient Israel, following the …

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Achenbach, Reinhard, Lehnardt, Andreas, Liss, Hanna and Ochs, Peter, “Torah”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 06 August 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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