Religion Past and Present

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Trade and Traffic in the Mediterranean World
(1,767 words)

[German Version]

(Bronze Age to Late Antiquity)

I. By Land

Between c. 3000 bce and 500 ce, the means of transportation among the regionally diverse lands of the Mediterranean experienced substantial change. In the Near East and Egypt, donkeys served as pack animals throughout the entire Bronze Age. With the coming of the Iron Age, camels (in Iran and Inner Asia) and dromedaries (in Arabia and then also in the Sahara) came into use, along with mules outside the arid zone. A…

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Liverani, Mario and Sherratt, Susan, “Trade and Traffic in the Mediterranean World”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 25 July 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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