Religion Past and Present

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(501 words)

[German Version]

I. A trope – in contrast to its meaning in rhetoric (Metaphor, Eucharist) – is a textual and/or musical expansion of practically all the chants in the medieval mass and office liturgies of the Western church (as well as the liturgical Epistles, the Paternoster, and the Ite missa est or Benedicamus domino). The earliest tropes are roughly contemporaneous with the earliest sources for the repertory of so-called Gregorian chant (after c. 850). Evidence points to a 9th-century origin in northern France, possibly initially in response…

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Hankeln, Roman, “Trope”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 26 June 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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