Religion Past and Present

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(2,235 words)

[German Version]

I. Outline of Political History

The modern Republic of “Turkey” is a successor state of the Ottoman Empire (Ottomans), which ceased to exist in 1923. According to official figures, 99.8% of the population are currently Muslims (80% Sunnis, 20% Alevis). The process of Turkification began in the late 19th century. However, Western observers and authors had already been in the habit of referring to the multi-ethnic empire…

Cite this page
Tamcke, Martin, “Turkey”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 20 June 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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