Religion Past and Present

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Tylor, Edward Burnett
(151 words)

[German Version]

(Oct 2, 1832, London – Jan 2, 1917, Wellington), early theorist of ethnology and comparative religion, who began teaching anthropology at Oxford University in 1884. Under the influence of contemporary biological theories and philosophy of history, his Primitive Culture, a major work published in 1871, suggested that the history of religion also displays an evolution from simple to increasingly complex forms. He reconstructed this development on the basis of “survivals,” isolated cultural elements belonging originally …

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Maier, Bernhard, “Tylor, Edward Burnett”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 27 May 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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