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Tyre
(340 words)

[German Version]

(in Phoenicia); Hebrew רוֹצ/ṣôr, Phoenician/Akkadian ṣurru, “rock”; modern Ṣūr. Tyre was an island city off the coast of Lebanon with a maximum area of 50 to 60 ha and a population of 12,000–15,000 (swollen to about 50,000 by refugees in 332 bce); it was associated with the mainland settlement of Ushu/Palaityros. Settlement began in the second half of the 3rd millennium bce, with the colonial expansion of Egypt into the Lebanon (Hdt. II 44); it is mentioned throughout the 2nd millennium as a subject territory within the Egyptian sphere of …

Cite this page
Knauf, Ernst Axel, “Tyre”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 24 January 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_026195>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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