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(353 words)

[German Version]

Upaniṣads, generic term for Late Vedic texts, some dating from the pre-Buddhist period. Considered as an independent corpus, the Upaniṣads constitute the latest literary stratum of the Vedic revelation (Śruti; see also Vedas, Vedic and Brahmanic religion), hence Vedānta, “conclusion of the Veda,” later interpreted as the “ultimate objective of the Veda.” The term upa-ni-ṣad has connotations of hidden cosmic relationships and secret meetings regarding them. Historical-critical studies characterize the texts as compilations, redactio…

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Slaje, Walter, “Upaniṣads”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 02 July 2020 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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