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Urim and Thummim
(319 words)

[German Version]

(םימִּתֻּ/םירִוּא), a pair of Hebrew words still without etymological or semasiological explanation, denoting objects usually appearing in passages bearing on the paraphernalia and function of the Levitical priests. According to Exod 28:30 (cf. Lev 8:8), the Urim and Thummim were to be kept in a repository forming part of vestments of the high priest Aaron (probably a kind of pectoral or breastpiece) and worn “on his heart.” P (Pentateuch) may have understood them as symbolic objects (gems?) used by the high priest (I), especially since Urim may be an allusion to …

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Görg, Manfred, “Urim and Thummim”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 08 August 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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